Femtosecond laser ultrafast photothermal exsolution

  • Exsolution, as an effective approach to constructing particle-decorated interfaces, is still challenging to yield interfacial films rather than isolated particles. Inspired by in vivo near-infrared laser photothermal therapy, using 3 mol% Y2O3 stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystals (3Y-TZP) as host oxide matrix and iron-oxide (Fe3O4/γ-Fe2O3/α-Fe2O3) materials as photothermal modulator and exsolution resource, femtosecond laser ultrafast exsolution approach is presented enabling to conquer this challenge. The key is to trigger photothermal annealing behavior via femtosecond laser ablation to initialize phase transition from monoclinic zirconia (m-ZrO2) to tetragonal zirconia (t-ZrO2) and induce t-ZrO2 columnar crystal growth. Fe-ions rapidly segregate along grain boundaries and diffuse towards the outmost surface, and become ‘frozen’, highlighting the potential to use photothermal materials and ultrafast heating/quenching behaviors of femtosecond laser ablation for interfacial exsolution. Triggering interfacial iron-oxide coloring exsolution is composition and concentration dependent. Photothermal materials themselves and corresponding photothermal transition capacity play a crucial role, initializing at 2 wt%, 3 wt%, and 5 wt% for Fe3O4/γ-Fe2O3/α-Fe2O3 doped 3Y-TZP samples. Due to different photothermal effects, exsolution states of ablated 5 wt% Fe3O4/γ-Fe2O3/α-Fe2O3-doped 3Y-TZP samples are totally different, with whole coverage, exhaustion (ablated away) and partial exsolution (rich in the grain boundaries in subsurface), respectively. Femtosecond laser ultrafast photothermal exsolution is uniquely featured by up to now the deepest microscale (10 µm from 5 wt%-Fe3O4-3Y-TZP sample) Fe-elemental deficient layer for exsolution and the whole coverage of exsolved materials rather than the formation of isolated exsolved particles by other methods. It is believed that this novel exsolution method may pave a good way to modulate interfacial properties for extensive applications in the fields of biology, optics/photonics, energy, catalysis, environment, etc.
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Lurun Xu, Jingchao Tao, Zhuguo Li, Guo He, Dongshi Zhang. Femtosecond laser ultrafast photothermal exsolution[J]. International Journal of Extreme Manufacturing, 2024, 6(5): 055002. DOI: 10.1088/2631-7990/ad4eb0
Lurun Xu, Jingchao Tao, Zhuguo Li, Guo He, Dongshi Zhang. Femtosecond laser ultrafast photothermal exsolution[J]. International Journal of Extreme Manufacturing, 2024, 6(5): 055002. DOI: 10.1088/2631-7990/ad4eb0

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